The Hans Günter Brauch Foundation (HGBS) supports two prizes on peace, ecology and the Anthropocene and of linkages between these themes.
The annual International Science Prize for Peace and Ecology in the Anthropocene (ISP-PEA) is sup-ported by the HGBS in Germany.
- Adano Wario, R.; Daudi, F., 2012: Links between climate change, conflict and governance in Africa (Pretoria: ISS).
- Bob, U.; Brinkhorst, S. (Eds.), 2014: Conflict Sensitive adaptation to climate change in Africa (Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag).
- Brown, O., 2020: North Africa and Sahel Risk Brief (Berlin: Adelphi).
- Brown, O.; Vivekananda, J.; Dieffenbacher, J., 2021: The Sahel Risk Brief (Berlin: Adelphi).
- Brubacher, M. 2021: Libya Risk Brief (Berlin: Adelphi).
- Brücher, T.; Brzoska, M.; Claussen, M.; Cook, K.H.; Link, P.M.; Link, J.; Mbow, C.; Scheffran, J. (Eds.), 2016: Climate, land use, and conflict in Africa, Special Issue, Earth System Dynamics, 7,2.
- Bukari, K.N.; Sow, P.; Scheffran, J., 2019: Real or Hyped? Linkages Between Environmental / Climate Change and Conflicts – The Case of Farmers and Fulani Pastoralists in Ghana. in: Behnassi, M.; Gupta, H.; Pollmann, O. (Eds.): Human and Environmental Security in the Era of Global Risks: Perspectives from Africa, Asia and the Pacific Islands (Springer: 161-185).
- Cabot, C., 2017: Climate Change, Security Risks and Conflict Reduction in Africa: A Case Study of Farmer-Herder Conflicts over Natural Resources in Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana and Burkina Faso (Berlin: Springer, 2016).
- Foong, A.; Pohl, B.; Rüttinger, L., 2020: Sudan Risk Brief (Berlin: Adelphi).
- Maunganidze, O.A.; co-authored by Greve, J.; Kurnoth, H.E.,2021: Southern Africa Risk Brief (Berlin: Adelphi).
- Nagarajan, C.,2020: Mali Risk Brief (Berlin: Adelphi).
- Noagah Bukari, K.; Sow, P.; Scheffran, J., 2019: “Real or Hyped? Linkages Between Environmental / Climate Change and Conflicts – The Case of Farmers and Fulani Pastoralists in Ghana”, in: Behnassi, M.; Gupta, H.; Pollmann, O. (Eds.): Human and Environmental Security in the Era of Global Risks: Perspectives from Africa, Asia and the Pacific Islands (Cham: Springer): 161-185.
- Schilling, J.; Akuno, M.; Scheffran, J.; Weinzierl, T., 2014: On Raids and Relations: Climate Change, Pastoral Conflict and Adaptation in Northwestern Kenya, in: Bronkhorst, S.;. Bob, U. (Eds.), Conflict-sensitive Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa, Berlin, Berliner Wissenschaftsverlag: 241-268.
- Schilling, J.; Hertig, E.; Tramblay, Y.; Scheffran, J., 2020: “Climate change vulnerability, water resources and social implications in North Africa”, in: Regional Environmental Change 20,1: 15.
- Schilling, J.; Locham, R.; Scheffran, J., 2018: “A local to global perspective on oil and wind exploitation, resource governance and conflict in Northern Kenya”, in: Conflict, Security & Development, 18,6: 571-600
- SIPRI & NUPI, Government. of Norway funded a project: Climate-related peace & security risks that resulted in several fact sheets on: Ethiopia (2022), Sudan (2022), South Sudan (2021, 2022), Sahel (2021), Mali (2021), Somalia (2021).
- Solomon, N.; Birhane E.; Gordon, C.; Haile, M.; Taheri, F.; Azadi, H.; Scheffran, J.,2018: “Environmental impacts and causes of conflict in the Horn of Africa: A review”, in: Earth-Science Reviews,177: 284–290.
- Swain, A.; Bali, R.; Swain A., Themnér; Krampe, F., 2011: Climate Change and the Risk of Violent Conflicts in Southern Africa (Pretoria: Global Crisis Solutions).
- UNSC: Central African Republic (S/RES/ 2552)
- UNSC: Democratic Republic of the Congo (S/RES/2556)
- UNSC: Lake Chad (S/RES/2349) UNSC: Mali (S/RES/2584)
- UNSC: Somalia (S/RES/2568) UNSC: Sudan (S/RES/2579)
- UNSC: West Africa and the Sahel (S/ PRST/2020/7)
- Von Soest, C., 2020: “A Heated Debate: Climate Change and Conflict in Africa”, in: GIGA Focus, 2 (April).
- Von Uexkull, N.: Pettersson, T., 2018: “Issues and Actors in African Nonstate Conflicts: A New Data Set.” International Interactions, 44.5: 953-968.
- Yanda, P.; Brinkhorst, S., 2011: Climate change and conflict: Conflict-sensitive climate change adaptation in Africa (Durban: ACCORD). Yishak, M. 2019: Ethiopia (Berlin: Adelphi); at:,
- Brown, O., 2019: Afghanistan Risk Brief (Berlin: Adelphi).
- Dhanasree, J., 2019: South Asia Risk Brief (Berlin: Adelphi).
- Pandey, N.; Rüttinger, L.; Wolfmaier, S.,2020: Nepal Risk Brief (Berlin: Adelphi).
- Pasisi, C., 2019: Pacific Islands Region Risk Brief (Berlin: Adelphi).
- SIPRI, NUPI, Gov. of Norway funded a project: Climate-related peace & security risks that resulted in several fact sheets on: Iraq (2022) Afghanistan (2022)
- Fuller, C.; Hannah Elisabeth Kurnoth, H.E.; Mosello, B.2020: Climate-Fragility Risk Brief: The Caribbean (Berlin: Adelphi);
- Adriana Erthal Abdenur; Lukas Rüttinger, 2020: Latin America and the Caribbean (Berlin: Adelphi); at:
The policy debate on climate change, security and conflict started in 1988 with 2 presentations at the IISS Annual Conference.
- In November 2002 AFES-PRESS wrote the first report for the German Federal Ministry of Environment (BMU) in English
- In February 2004 a contract study for the US DoD (Schwartz, P.; Randall, D., 2003: An Abrupt Climate Change Scenario and Its Implications for United States National Security) started an international public debate.
- In 2007 the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council started to discuss the linkage of climate change and security.
- In June 2007 the Science Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU) released a report on: Security Risk Climate Change
- In March 2008 the European Council adopted a report on Climate change and international security
- In September 2009 the Secretary General of the United Nations released a report at the request of the UN GA.
- The UN Security Council repeatedly has discussed climate change security and conflict linkages (since 2007).
|11 - 12 October 2022, Berlin
The fourth Berlin Climate and Security Conference (BCSC) on: Climate - Conflict - Clash of Crises: Weathering the Risks. BCSC 2022 will address climate impacts on peace and stability, and its interlinkages with current global challenges. The conference will focus on locally informed-action in response to multiple global crises. The BCSC 2022 seeks to:
- Identify intersectoral, cross-border, cross-regional and cross-government cooperation;
- Showcase best practice of locally informed and participatory climate and conflict sensitive policies and operations;
- Build awareness of risk and foresight assessments and capacity for climate-security decision-making to use through trainings and interactive sessions;
- Establish the Climate, Environment, Peace and Security Initiative
More information at:
Contact: Janani Vivekananda, adelphi research
|Policy Activities of States and International Organisations
- EU [European Commission; Council], 2008: Climate Change and International Security. Doc 7249/08 (Brussels: European Commission, 14 March).
- UN, 2009a: Climate change and its possible security implications. Report of the Secretary-General. A/64/350 of 11 September 2009 (New York: United Nations).
- UNEP (website): “Climate Change and Security Risks”; at:
- UNEP (website); “Disaster and Conflicts”, at:
- UNEP (website):
- UNDP, 2022 (website); “Climate action and security – two sides of the same coin”, at:.
- UNSC (website): Climate Security at the UNSC – A Short History”; at:.
|Activities, Reports and Issue Briefs of Policy Consultants
- Adelphi (website); Climate Security Expert Network, at:.
- Adelphi: “Regional Risk Briefs & Factsheets”, at:
- Adelphi: “Policy Papers”, at:.
- International Committee of the Red Cross, 2020: When Rain Turns To Dust. Understanding and Responding to the Combined Impact of Armed Conflicts and the Climate and Environment Crisis on People’s Lives, Geneva: ICRC, July:
- Mosello, B.; Rüttinger, L.; Sauerhammer, L., 2020: The Climate Change-Conflict Connection. The Current State of Knowledge. Berlin: CSEN.
|Research Activities of Scientists
- Brauch, H.G.; Scheffran, J., 2012: Introduction: Climate Change, Human Security, and Violent Conflict in the Anthropocene, in: J. Scheffran, M. Brzoska, H.G. Brauch, P.M. Link & J. Schilling (eds.), Climate Change, Human Security and Violent Conflict, Berlin, Springer Verlag: 3-40.
- Brzoska, M.; Scheffran, J., 2013: Climate and war: No clear-cut schism, Nature, 498, 171, 13 June.
- Buhaug, H., Nordkvelle, J., Bernauer, T., Böhmelt, T., Brzoska, M., Busby, J.W., Ciccone, A., Fjelde, H., Gartzke, E., Gleditsch, N.P., Goldstone, J.A., Hegre, H. Holtermann, H., Koubi, V., Link, J.S.A., Link, P.M., Lujala, P., O'Loughlin, J., Raleigh, C., Scheffran, J., Schilling, J., Smith, T.G., Theisen, O.M., Tol, R.S.J., Urdal, H. & von Uexkull, N. (2014): One effect to rule them all? A comment on climate and conflict, Climatic Change, 127 (3-4), 391-397.
- Ide, T.; Link, P.M.; Scheffran, J.; Schilling, J. (2016): The Climate-Conflict Nexus: Pathways, Regional Links, and Case Studies. in: Brauch, G. H.; Oswald Spring, Ú.; Grin, J.; Scheffran, J. (Eds.), Handbook on Sustainability Transition and Sustainable Peace, Cham, Springer: 285-304.
- Ide, T.; Scheffran, J., 2014: On Climate, Conflict and Cumulation: Suggestions for Integrative Cumulation of Knowledge in the Research on Climate Change and Violent Conflict, in: Global Change Peace & Security, 26 (3), 263-279.
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 1990: Climate Change: The IPCC Impacts Assessment (Geneva: WMO; UNEP; IPCC).
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 1996: Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change: Contributions of Working Group I to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 1997: The Regional Impacts of Climate Change: An Assessment of Vulnerability (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2001: Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis: Working Group I Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2012: Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, April).
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2014: Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report: Summary for Policymakers (Geneva: IPCC); at: .
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2022: AR6 Climate Change 2021: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability The Working Group II contribution to the Sixth Assessment Report (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, February).
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2022b: AR6 Synthesis Report: Climate Change 2022 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, October).
- Scheffran, J., 2008: Climate change and security, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 64,2: 19-25.
- Scheffran, J., 2011: The Security Risks of Climate Change: Vulnerabilities, Threats, Conflicts and Strategies, in: H.G. Brauch, U. Oswald Spring, P. Kameri-Mbote, C. Mesjasz, J. Grin, B. Chourou, P. Dunay & J. Birkmann (Eds.), Coping with Global Environmental Change, Disasters and Security, Springer Verlag:735-756.
- Scheffran, J.; Battaglini, A., 2011: Climate and Conflicts - The security risks of global warming, Regional Environmental Change, 11 (Suppl. 1): 27-39.
- Scheffran, J.; Broszka, M.; Brauch, H.G.; Link, P.M.; Schilling, J. (eds.), 2012: Climate Change, Human Security and Violent Conflict: Challenges for Societal Stability, Berlin, Springer Verlag.
- Scheffran, J.; Brzoska, M.; Kominek, J.; Link, P.M.; Schilling, J., 2012: Climate change and violent conflict, Science, 336:869-871.
- Scheffran, J.; Brzoska, M.; Kominek, J.; Link, P.M.; Schilling, J., 2012: Disentangling the Climate-conflict Nexus: Empirical and Theoretical Assessment of Vulnerabilities and Pathways, Review of European Studies, 4,5: 1-13.
- Scheffran, J.; Ide, T.; Schilling, J. (2014): Violent climate or climate of violence? Concepts and relations with focus on Kenya and Sudan, The International Journal of Human Rights, 18,3: 369-390.
- Scheffran, J.; Schilling, J.., 2009: Preventing Climate Conflicts: Cooperative Approaches to Facing the Security Risks of Global Warming, Global Responsibility, 60: 1-5.
- WBGU (German Advisory Council on Climate Change), 2007, 2008: Climate Change as a Security Risk (Berlin: WBGU).
- Mach, K. J.; Kraan, C. M.; Adger, W. N.; Buhaug, H.; Burke, M.; Fearon, J. D.; Field, C. B.; Hendrix, C. S.; Maystadt, J.-F.; O'Loughlin, J.; Roessler, P.; Scheffran, J.; Schultz, K. A.; von Uexkull, N., 2019: “Climate as risk factor for conflict”, in: Nature, 571, 7764: 193-197.
- Scheffran, J., 2020: “Climate change and weather extremes as risk multipliers: Tipping points, cascading events, and societal instability”, in: Brzoska, M.; Scheffran, J. (Eds.) Climate Change, Security Risks, and Violent Conflicts. Essays from Integrated Climate Research in Hamburg (Hamburg: Hamburg University Press).
- Scheffran, J.; Brzoska, M.; Brauch, H.G.: Link, M.; Schilling, J. (Eds.), 2012: Climate Change, Human Security and Violent Conflict: Challenges for Societal Stability (Berlin: Springer-Verlag).
- Von Uexkull, N.; Buhaug, H., 2021: “Security Implications of Climate Change: A Decade of Scientific Progress”, in: Journal of Peace Research, 58,1: 3-17.
|States and International Organizations
- AU: African Union: Green Recovery Action Plan 2021-2027 (Addis Ababa, AU).
- AU, 2021: Communique of the 1051th meeting of the AU Peace and Security Council (PSC) held on 26 November 2021 on the theme: Climate Change and Peace and Security: The need for an Informed Climate-Security-Development nexus for Africa.
- Hardt, J.N.; Harrington, C.; Simpson, N.; Lucke, F. v.; Estève, A. (Eds.): Climate Security in the Anthropocene – Exploring the Approaches of United Nations Security Council Member-States (Cham: Springer);
Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs)
- Adelphi Consulting Firm (Berlin):
- CLISEC (Hamburg)
- Ecologic Institute (Berlin)
- PRIO (Oslo) SIPRI (Stockholm)
- Brauch, H.G., 2002: “Climate Change, Environmental Stress and Conflict”, in: Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (Ed.): Climate Change and Conflict (Berlin: Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, 2002): 9-112; at:
- Brauch, H.G., 2009: “Securitizing Global Environmental Change”, in: Brauch, H.G.; Oswald Spring, U.; Grin, J.; et al. (Eds.), 2009: Facing Global Environmental Change: Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concepts (Berlin: Springer): 65-102.
- Brauch, H.G., 2011: “Global Climate Change Impacts for the Mediterranean in the 21st Century: Challenges for Human and Environmental Security”, in: H.G. Brauch, Ú. Oswald Spring, C. Mes-jasz et al. (Eds.): Coping with Global Environmental Change, Disasters and Security – Threats, Challenges, Vulnerabilities and Risks (Berlin: Springer): 485-524.
- Brauch, H.G.; Oswald Spring, Ú.; et al., 2018: Climate Change, Disasters, Sustainability Transition and Peace in the Anthropocene (Cham: Springer).
- Brauch, H.G.; Scheffran, J., 2012: “Introduction: Climate Change, Human Security, and Violent Conflict in the Anthropocene”, in: Scheffran, J.; Brzoska, M.; Brauch, H.G., et al. (Eds.), 2012: Climate Change, Human Security and Violent Conflict: Challenges for Societal Stability (Berlin: Springer): 3-40.
|Topical Videos on the Theme: Climate Change, Conflicts and Security
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
- “Climate change and conflict”. at:
- “Climate Change and Conflict Explained, at:
- “When Climate Change matters most”, at:
- “Climate change hits the poorest and most vulnerable – ICRC” at:.
Federal Foreign Office of Germany
- “No lasting peace without climate security”
- “SIPRI launches film on climate change, peace and security”
Each scholar participating in this competition must submit an original text of research authored solely by the appli-cant in English that was either published since January 2020.
- in a peer-reviewed journal or
- as a peer-reviewed book chapter since January 2020 or
- is preferably an unpublished original text (article, report or book based on a PhD dissertation or habilitation).
If submissions are equal in quality the prize will be awarded to
- a female scholar or to
- a scholar working at an academic institution in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
Plagiates will be excluded from the competition!